Bonaventure On The Eucharist: Commentary on the Sentences, Book IV, dist. 8-13)

https://www.isdistribution.com/BookDetail.aspx?aId=84080

Bonaventure On The Eucharist is a translation of the 6 questions from St. Bonaventure’s commentary on Peter Lombard’s Sentences that deal with the Eucharist. This translation makes this material available in English for the first time and includes the Latin text of the Quaracchi edition on the facing page. In addition, there is an introduction that places Bonaventure’s thought in context and explores the theological and philosophical content of these questions. This introduction is the most extensive scholarly discussion of Bonaventure’s Eucharistic theology extant. Scholarly footnotes and three indices round out this volume.

See this book on Amazon.

Table of Contents

Foreword vii

Acknowledgments xv

Introduction 1

  1. Historical Context 2
    1. A Brief Sketch of Bonaventure’s Life 2
    2. The State of the Doctrine of the Eucharist 3
    3. Date of Composition and Situation within Bonaventure’s Work 6
    4. Bonaventure and Aquinas 8
  2. The Theology of the Commentary 9
    1. Distinction VIII 11
    2. Distinction IX 14
    3. Distinction X 15
    4. Distinction XI 26
    5. Distinction XII 36
    6. Distinction XIII 38
  3. Bonaventure’s Division of the Text 39
  4. Notes on the Latin Text 43
  5. Notes on the Translation 43
    1. Style 43
    2. The Translation of Scripture 45
    3. Endnotes 45
  6. Glossary
  7. Selected Bibliography

Bonaventure, On the Eucharist (Commentary on the Sentences, Book IV, dist. 8–13)

  1. Distinction VIII 55
    1. Part 1: The Antecedents of the Sacrament of the Eucharist 55
      1. Article 1: The Prefiguring of the Sacrament of the Eucharist 57
        1. Question 1: Was It Fitting That the Sacrament of the Eucharist Be Prefigured? 57
        2. Question 2: The Number and Sufficiency of the Four Figures 61
        3. Question 3: The Preeminence of the Figures 65
      2. Article 2: The Institution of the Sacrament of the Eucharist 67
        1. Question 1: Was It Fitting That the Eucharist Be Instituted from the Beginning? 67
        2. Question 2: Was It Fitting That the Eucharist Be Instituted Before the Passion? 71
        3. Question 3: Did the Lord Confect the Sacrament of the Eucharist Before He Spoke the Words? 75
        4. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 77
          1. Doubt I 77
          2. Doubt II 79
          3. Doubt III 79
          4. Doubt IV 81
    2. Part 2: The Parts of the Sacrament of the Eucharist, Namely Word and Element 81
      1. Article 1: The Form of the Word in the Sacrament of the Eucharist 83
        1. Question 1: The Form of the Word Spoken over the Bread 83
        2. Question 2: The Form of the Word Spoken over the Wine 89
      2. Article 2: The Signification of the Sacrament of the Eucharist 97
        1. Question 1: What Is Reality and What Is Sacrament in the Eucharist 97
        2. Question 2: The Unity of the Sacrament of the Eucharist 101
        3. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 105
          1. Doubt I 105
          2. Doubt II 107
  2. Distinction IX 109
    1. Article 1: General Considerations about Eating the Eucharist 111
      1. Question 1: Two Ways of Eating the Eucharist 111
      2. Question 2: What It Means to Eat Spiritually 115
      3. Question 3: What It Means to Eat Sacramentally 117
      4. Question 4: Did Christ Eat in Both Ways? 123
    2. Article 2: Considerations about the Wicked When They Eat the Eucharist 127
      1. Question 1: Do the Wicked Truly Consume the Body of Christ? 127
      2. Question 2: Is the Sinner Who Is Knowingly in Sin and Eats the Body of Christ Condemned? 131
      3. Question 3: Does the Sinner Who Consumes the Body of Christ Always Sin Mortally? 135
      4. Question 4: Does He Who Gives the Body of Christ to One Whom He Knows to Be a Sinner Sin Damnably? 141
      5. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 145
        1. Doubt I 145
        2. Doubt II 145
        3. Doubt III 145
        4. Doubt IV 147
        5. Doubt V 147
        6. Doubt VI 147
    3. Distinction X 151
      1. Part 1: The Sophistical Arguments of the Heretics Who Deny that the Body of Christ Is on the Altar Are Defeated 151
        1. Article 1: The Truth and Manner of the Presence of Christ in the Sacrament of the Altar 153
          1. Question 1: Is Christ Truly in the Sacrament of the Altar? 153
          2. Question 2: Is the Body of Christ on the Altar According to its Natural Quantity, or Is It Abstracted from Quantity? 161
          3. Question 3: Is the Body of Christ Definitively Contained by the Kinds? 165
          4. Question 4: Is the Body of Christ Dimensively or Circumscriptively Contained by the Kinds? 169
          5. Question 5: Is the Body of Christ in Each part of the Host? 173
          6. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 179
            1. Doubt I 179
            2. Doubt II 179
            3. Doubt III 181
            4. Doubt IV 183
            5. Doubt V 183
      2. Part 2: The Truth of the Faith, That the Body of Christ Is Truly on the Altar, Is Confirmed 185
        1. Article 1: The Eucharist and the Power of Transubstantiation 187
          1. Question 1: Is the Power to Convert the Bread into the Body of Christ Equal to, or Greater than, the Power to Create Something New? 187
          2. Question 2: Is Transubstantiation More Noble than the Power of Conceiving Christ? 191
          3. Question 3: Is the Power to Transubstantiate Given to the Spoken Words, or Is It the Power of the Uncreated Word Alone? 195
          4. Question 4: Is the Power of the Words Able to Convert Any Amount of the Element? 201
        2. Article 2: The Eucharist and the Power of the Intellect 205
          1. Question 1: Is the Presence of the Body of Christ in the Sacrament above the Pilgrim Intellect? 205
          2. Question 2: Is the Presence of the Body of Christ in the Sacrament above the Intellect of the Blessed? 211
          3. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 215
            1. Doubt I 215
            2. Doubt II 215
            3. Doubt III 217
    4. Distinction XI 219
      1. Part 1: The Eucharist and Confection 219
        1. Article 1: Transubstantiation 221
          1. Question 1: Is There True Conversion of the Bread into the Body of Christ in the Sacrament of the Eucharist? 221
          2. Question 2: Is the Whole Bread Converted into the Body of Christ, or Does Some Part Besides the Accidents Remain? 225
          3. Question 3: Is that Conversion Annihilation? 229
          4. Question 4: Is the Bread Converted into the Whole Christ? 233
          5. Question 5: Is That Conversion Sudden or Successive? 237
          6. Question 6: What Words Fittingly Express That Conversion? 243
          7. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 249
            1. Doubt I 249
            2. Doubt II 249
            3. Doubt III 251
            4. Doubt IV 251
        2. Part 2: The Matter in Which It Is Fitting That the Confection of the Eucharist Be Done 253
        3. Article 1: The Kinds in Which the Church Currently Confects 255
          1. Question 1: Is It Fitting That the Eucharist Be Confected in the Kinds of Bread and Wine? 255
          2. Question 2: Do Both of Those Kinds Belong to the Fullness of the Sacrament? 259
          3. Question 3: Does Water Belong to the Fullness of the Sacrament of the Eucharist? 265
          4. Question 4: Is the Sacrament of the Eucharist Able To Be Confected in Any Bread and Wine? 271
        4. Article 2: How Christ Confected 275
          1. Question 1: Did Christ Confect in Leavened or Unleavened Bread? 275
          2. Question 2: What Sort of Body Did Christ Give to the Disciples at the Last Supper? 279
          3. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 287
            1. Doubt I 287
            2. Doubt II 287
            3. Doubt III 289
            4. Doubt IV 289
            5. Doubt V 291
            6. Doubt VI 291
            7. Doubt VII 293
            8. Doubt VIII 293
    5. Distinction XII 295
      1. Part 1: The Accidents and the Breaking of the Kinds 295
        1. Article 1: The Existence of the Accidents Without a Subject 297
          1. Question 1: Are the Accidents Able to Exist Without a Subject? 297
          2. Question 2: Is it Fitting that Kinds Exist Without a Subject in the Eucharist? 301
          3. Question 3: Is It True that the Accidents Are There Without a Subject? 305
        2. Article 2: The Action and Transmutation of the Accidents 309
          1. Question 1: Are Those Kinds Able to Be Converted into Nourishment? 309
          2. Question 2: Do the Accidents Have the Power to Convert Other Things Into the Sacrament? 317
          3. Question 3: Do Those Accidents Operate Naturally or Miraculously? 323
        3. Article 3: The Breaking of the Kinds 333
          1. Question 1: Is the True Body of Christ Broken in the Eucharist? 333
          2. Question 2: Does True Breaking Happen in the Kinds? 337
          3. Question 3: What Do the Parts of the Broken Host Signify? 339
          4. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 343
            1. Doubt I 343
            2. Doubt II 345
            3. Doubt III 345
            4. Doubt IV 347
            5. Doubt V 349
      2. Part 2: The Frequency of the Eucharist 351
        1. Article 1: The Efficacy of This Sacrament 353
          1. Question 1: Is This Sacrament Efficacious in Any Righteous Person? 353
          2. Question 2: Is This Sacrament Efficacious in a Sinner? 357
          3. Question 3: What Is the Efficacy of This Sacrament? 361
        2. Article 2: The Frequency of The Sacrament 365
          1. Question 1: Are We Required to Approach the Sacrament of the Eucharist? 365
          2. Question 2: Is It Better for the Person Who Is Free to Approach to Approach Frequently or Rarely? 369
          3. Question 3: Should a Person Abstain from the Eucharist Because of Bodily Uncleanness? 375
          4. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 379
            1. Doubt I 379
            2. Doubt II 381
            3. Doubt III 383
            4. Doubt IV 385
    6. Distinction XIII 387
      1. Article 1: The Power of the One Who Confects 389
        1. Question 1: Is Every Priest Able to Confect? 389
        2. Question 2: Are Only Priests Able to Confect? 393
        3. Question 3: Does the Power of Consecrating Lie More with the Priest or with the Word? 397
        4. Question 4: Is a Mass Said by a Good Priest Better Than a Mass Said by a Wicked Priest? 401
      2. Article 2: The One Taking the Eucharist 405
        1. Question 1: Does the Body of Christ Pass Through the Stomach of a Mouse? 405
        2. Question 2: Does the Body of Christ Descend into the Stomach of a Human? 409
        3. Doubts concerning the Master’s Text 417
          1. Doubt I 417
          2. Doubt II 419
          3. Doubt III 421
          4. Doubt IV 423

Notes 427

Indices 457